Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) is caused when the cushion in between the bones of the spine swells or ruptures. This cushion can wear down over time due to excessive force. Symptoms can vary depending on the severity of the injury. Minor cases of the disease can lead to the animal having a wobbly walk, while more severe cases can lead to loss of motor function and pain perception.
Both cats and dogs are at risk for IVDD. The dog breeds most likely to suffer from this include the Dachshund, Pekinese and Beagle. A wide range of surgical and nonsurgical options are available depending on the severity of the symptoms, the disc or discs being affected and the preference of the veterinarian.